Geophysical logging is the measurement and analysis of electrical, acoustic, nuclear, and other physical properties in a borehole using wireline or direct push technology. Geophysical logging is one of the primary methods of collecting subsurface information for hydrogeologic investigations. Groundwater scientists and engineers should have a basic understanding of borehole geophysics and how it is applied in the characterization of aquifer systems.
In this book, the different types of geophysical logs and equipment used in hydrogeologic investigations are reviewed. Applications and analysis methods are illustrated by specific examples in both unconsolidated deposits and bedrock settings. Key references for further exploration of the methods and applications are provided. Hands-on exercises are included for students to develop and practice log-analysis skills.